Introduction to the Notion of Rehabilitation
A common misconception is that drug addiction is a relatively simple problem to treat. The fact of the matter is that drug addiction is a highly complicated medical problem that can attach itself to various aspects of the patient’s life and can systematically ruin it over time.
When it comes to tackling addiction, rehabilitation is the best option to take. There are numerous rehabilitation programs available; each is designed to deal with different factors revolving around specific root causes of said addiction.
Rehabilitation also won’t stop after the initial and primary treatment. Guidelines and rules are further implemented to help encourage patients to remain sober afterward. Therapy might also be performed depending on the case, or severity of it.
What is the Definition of Rehabilitation?
Rehabilitation is a rather broad term that covers a process wherein a person requires some intervention to help them overcome an issue that prevents them from being fully functional either physically or mentally – in some cases, both. The rehabilitation process is designed for each patient, whichever the health professional examiner recommends for each example, either it is specialized programs or to be integrated into certain health services.
In particular, drug rehabilitation is a treatment process that may include either medical or psychotherapeutic methods. Drug rehabilitation pertains to patients who have developed an unhealthy dependency on various habit-forming substances such as alcohol, prescription drugs, psychoactive substances, and illegal drugs such as cocaine, heroin, etc.
The goal of drug rehabilitation is to assist the patient to overcome substance dependency/abuse – a process that is admittedly easier said than done. However, drug addiction is a severe medical problem that requires treatment as soon as possible before it adversely affects the patient’s psychological health, physical health as well as financial and social aspects of their life. In some extreme cases of substance abuse, significant physical deterioration is experienced by the patient who, if left unchecked, can lead to serious health complications and even death.
What are the Types of Rehabilitation?
There are numerous types of rehabilitation available to patients. Of course, it will be up to the doctor’s recommendation as to which kind of rehabilitation treatment will be applied to the patient. Several factors must be taken into consideration before a rehab treatment is implemented, which is why proper consultation from a licensed medical practitioner is the first crucial step towards complete treatment.
Once the consultation is completed, the doctor may consider giving the patient two significant types of rehabilitation treatment: inpatient or outpatient treatment.
- Inpatient Drug Addiction Treatment
As the name of the treatment implies, the patient is required to move into the rehabilitation facility for the long-term. The rehab facility can accommodate dozens of patients at a time. Patients will live day-by-day with others who are undergoing the same treatment. Being around others who are trying to overcome their addiction can help improve the morale of patients and push them towards their goal of sobriety.
As for the rehab procedure itself, patients will be going through several steps, beginning with detoxification. The detoxification process is considered one of the most laborious processes as patients will suffer through varying degrees of withdrawal symptoms. After detox is completed correctly, counseling and aftercare are next on the list.
Inpatient treatment is recommended for individuals whose addiction is further aggravated within or around the environment of their homes. Rehab clinics offer solitude and a place of respite or sanctuary where the patient can focus on recovery and nothing else.
- Outpatient Drug Addiction Treatment
Outpatients are given pretty much the same types of treatments that inpatients will undergo, with the exception that patients are treated during the day and are allowed to go home afterward. Outpatient rehabilitation is for those who require time at home alongside family during the duration of the rehabilitation program. This, given that the patient will be able to gain some positive support from their loved ones. Outpatients are also for cases wherein the person being treated does not require 24/7 care.
Aside from these two major types of rehabilitation procedures, there are also sub-treatment methods that make up the entire rehab program:
- Evaluation of other issues pertaining to mental health such as depression.
- Medical applications for treating withdrawal symptoms.
- Maintaining sobriety and long-term planning to avoid relapse.
The follow-up treatment is another crucial aspect of rehabilitation. Anyone who has successfully overcome their ‘demons’ can attest that relapses are extremely easy to make, and it is a slippery slope that will ruin months or even years of sacrifices during rehab. Follow-up care requires the participation of family, loved ones, friends, and the community – more importantly, a healthy and positive support system.
Other Drug Rehabilitation Programs
There are also different branch types of rehabilitation programs that are designed for specific cases. These are often considered as niche rehab clinics due to the patients that they cater to. For instance, individuals that have special needs or those who fall into a particular group. Examples of these specialized rehab facilities include the following:
- Drug Rehabilitation Centers for Adolescents
Adolescents who have become addicted to drugs usually have vastly different problems that caused them to defer to substance abuse. Treatments and counseling that are applied to adults are generally not as effective when applied to cases with teenagers. Rehab programs and interventions concerning adolescent patients usually revolve around counseling that requires their families, as well.
- Drug Rehabilitation Program for Women
Certain cases concerning women also require a specialized rehabilitation program. In some instances, women who fell to substance abuse usually suffer from sexual abuse (past or present) or self-esteem issues. In these instances, traditional rehabilitation methods may not suffice as the root cause of their drug abuse problems is gender-specific.
- Dual-Diagnosis Drug Rehabilitation Programs
For patients who suffer from pre-existing conditions that further compound their drug abuse problems, dual-diagnosis rehab programs are the best methods to consider. Generally, patients who undergo dual-diagnosis rehabilitation programs are deemed to be high-risk cases. Patients who have a mental illness will require enhanced care and supervision when undergoing rehabilitation. This type of rehab program will also implement psychiatric counseling to help the patient along the arduous treatment process.
- Holistic Drug Rehab Facilities
A relatively new rehab program is the holistic or natural rehabilitation method. Holistic rehab clinics incorporate a somewhat different approach when treating drug addictions. Holistic rehab clinics utilize not only mediation and counseling but also exercises such as yoga, alternative treatments like acupuncture, and meditation exercises. The goal of a holistic rehab program is to fortify an individual’s physical and mental fortitude as well as giving them a positive outlook on their lifestyle.
What is the Purpose of Rehabilitation?
Rehabilitation is constructed to tackle critical factors that contribute to drug or substance abuse. We will be breaking down crucial factors as to the importance and purpose of a well-planned rehabilitation program.
- To Determine the Root Cause of the Addiction
There are many reasons as to why an individual leans on drug or substance abuse. It may be caused by stress, and substance abuse is that person’s way of coping. Do they use drugs to numb pain that they are experiencing caused by injuries? Or does it stem from emotional or mental problems? In some cases, concerning teenagers, peer pressure, and wanting to fit in can lead to substance abuse and addiction. Understanding why the patient leaned towards substance abuse is the first important step and one of the critical purposes of rehabilitation.
- Stemming the Addiction
One of the vital treatment methods in rehabilitation is to provide the patient with a positive and drug-free environment. Patients will also need a situation wherein they are regularly monitored and are given support to achieve their goal to become sober. Detoxification is the next major step and the first major hurdle of a recovering addict. However, completing rehab is not enough to beat the cycle of addiction. Patients must break their addiction long-term or permanently.
- Developing a Healthier Lifestyle and Mindset
To achieve long-term positive results, the patient will need to develop a healthier lifestyle. They should also be able to build a healthy and maintain positive mental and emotional state and learn to avoid their triggers. Discipline will be a primary ingredient that rehab centers will teach their patients, which is crucial since those who have drug and substance abuse problems usually have inferior discipline. As patients learn to build and strengthen their self-control, they are also given guidelines that can help them maintain sobriety long-term.
What are the Objectives of Rehabilitation?
Drug rehabilitation has one primary objective, and that is to help a patient break the dangerous cycle of addiction that they find themselves in. The most crucial step for a person with drug or substance addiction is admitting that they have a problem and need help. A rehabilitation clinic will help in breaking the vicious cycle of addiction and giving you all the necessary tools to rise above the abyss and keep it at bay.